Unlike BB guns, pellet guns are made for more than just backyard plinking. They are typically used for pest control, small game hunting and serious competition. Some pellet guns can reach velocities up to and around the speed of sound. They generally feature rifled bores, which provides increased accuracy. Pellet guns designed for competitive use are highly accurate and feature multiple trigger adjustments. Models can run into the thousands of dollars. Extreme air gun hunters use large caliber pellet guns to take down wild boar or other similar sized game. More commonly, the pellet gun is used for pest control. In some cases, large scale pest eradication has been done with pellet guns as opposed to other traditional means.
Not all pellet guns are created the same. They come in a variety of styles, many of which mimic their real firearm counterparts. Competition models, on the other hand, have their own unique look characterized by the buttpad and cheekpiece. They are made ergonomically for maximum stability and ease of handling in competition.
Pellet guns vary in functionality as well. There are a number of different propulsion methods available. The more basic ones include the spring-piston as well as single-stroke and multi-pump pneumatics. The spring-piston is the most traditional. It is usually cocked with a lever or breakbarrel action. Although simplistic in design, it is still a good choice, particularly for small game hunting or pest control because of its single action cocking and relatively high output velocity. The single-stroke requires a single pump to cock but generally lacks power. The multi-pump, on the other hand, usually requires up to 10 pumps on a lever making it a bit tedious to cock but it is capable of generating high output velocity.
Compressed CO2 gas is another popular choice. Most CO2 models use cartridges with compressed CO2 which can become costly after a period of time. Other models have a CO2 tank. Aside from the added cost for CO2, another downside of CO2 is that it's output power fluctuates at extreme low and high temperatures.
The relatively new gas-piston has been catching on as well. Similar to the spring-piston, it utilizes compressed nitrogen gas instead of a compressed spring. Manufacturers claim that the gas-piston is quieter and smoother with less vibration. Like the spring-piston, gas-pistons usually feature a single lever or breakbarrel cocking action. It is also a good choice for small game hunting and pest control.
A more sophisticated means of propulsion is the Pre-Charged Pneumatic or PCP in which an air reservoir in the gun must be filled prior to shooting. This is done with a hand pump, which takes some time and energy or with a scuba tank. The scuba tank method requires adapter fitting(s) and a trip to the dive shop. The advantage is that PCPs are very accurate. Competition rifles are generally PCP powered. PCP pellet guns tend to be on the pricier side and used mainly for competition or hunting.
Unlike traditional BB ammo, which is basically one size fits all, pellet gun ammo comes in a variety of shapes, weights and sizes, each one designed with a distinct purpose. Shapes such as the wadcutter, domed, pointed or hollow point feature specific aerodynamic or impact capabilities. Pellet weight is designated in grains. Lighter weights will reach higher velocities. Heavier weights travel slower in flight but may offer more stability or impact power. Standard pellet calibers are .177, .22 and .25. Larger sizes at .357, .45 and .50 caliber are available as well. They are all sized to fit the pellet gun barrel.
Pellet guns can be very powerful and cause serious injury. They should be handled with the utmost care. The same safety protocol used on real firearms should be exercised with pellet guns.
Pellet guns, like BB guns, use compressed air to propel a projectile at high speeds. Unike BB guns, the pellet projectile shot from a pellet gun is non-sphereical in shape whereas the steel BB, used in BB guns, is perfectly round. The general pellet shape is referred to as a “Diablo”, characterized by a larger rounded head on the impact end, sitting on a narrow waist and tapering out to a wide skirt at the tail end. There are several variations of the “Diablo” pellet shape, which are chosen depending on the intended use. The more common shape variations include the wadcutter, round head, pointed head and hollow point.
Pellet guns utilize various propulsion mechanisms as well. The most basic being the spring-piston. Other traditional propulsion methods include the multi-pump or single-stroke pneumatic with which air is pumped into a chamber, compressed and then released upon shooting. More sophisticated propulsion methods include the relatively new gas-piston, which is similar the spring-piston, but uses compressed nitrogen gas instead of a spring. CO2 is yet another means of propulsion for pellet guns. The pre-charged pneumatic pellet gun, probably the most sophisticated and definitely the most expensive of the pellet guns, uses air compressed into a chamber by a hand pump or scuba tank.
Pellet guns, today, are used for competitive shooting, hunting, pest control, target shooting and plinking. The acivity should match the pellet gun selected. For example, competition pellet guns have the utmost accuracy and multiple trigger adjustments. Hunting and pest control pellet guns, on the other hand are designed with higher velocities and larger caliber options.
Contrary to popular belief, pellet guns should not be considered “toys”. Pellet guns have the ability to shoot at speeds that are literally supersonic. The level of velocities are such that the velocity alone could cause light pellets to shatter, split or change form. This phenomenon occurs during the powerful transition or transformation of the pellets traveling between subsonic and supersonic speed.
Many manufacturers have begun to improve the design of the pellets by making them with heavier materials. As a result, traveling with less speed than before.
This lower velocity in pellet guns is not a bad thing. Shooters who use the heavier pellets are likely to better improve his or her skills. Because of the lowered speed and the lessening of the velocity behind pellet guns, the shooter is actually more likely to shoot with better precision.
The goal is often to perfect your aim, steadiness, and control no matter what type of shooting you do.
At BB-Guns.org, we have one of the best selections of pellet guns for sale that you'll find anywhere! Look no further. We've got top quality merchandise at excellent prices. Browse through our products, and you'll see that the pellet guns for sale on our website are from the most reputable names in the industry. It is a virtual who's who of the pellet gun world.
From multi-pumps to pre-charged pneumatics, from spring-pistons to gas-pistons we've got all types of pellet guns for sale. If you're looking for a break-barrel or maybe a bolt-action rifle, we've got em. Perhaps a revolver or a semi-automatic pistol, we've got those too. Looking to do some small game hunting or take care of a nasty pest, we've got pellet guns for sale that will get the job done. If target shooting or maybe even competitive shooting is your thing, we've got the gun that will help you hit your mark.
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